Top 10 Most Famous Canadian Landmarks

Top 10 Most Famous Canadian Landmarks

The creation of this comprehensive list of the most famous landmarks in Canada required an intricate blend of diligent research, objective criteria, and, to some extent, subjective judgment. Our mission was to devise a list that was as impartial as possible while highlighting the truly iconic landmarks that embody Canada’s rich cultural tapestry and breathtaking natural splendor.

Our journey began by reviewing numerous existing lists and rankings across various websites. From there, we compiled a preliminary list of the top 30 Canadian landmarks.

Next, we delved into the historical and cultural significance of each landmark. We asked ourselves: How has this landmark shaped Canada’s history? What cultural narratives does it tell? These inquiries helped us understand the landmark’s broader importance beyond just its physical presence.

We also took into account the visual impact of each landmark, focusing on distinctive architectural features and natural beauty. Landmarks that showcased Canada’s diverse landscapes and unique structures were given higher priority.

Visitor numbers were another important metric. Quantifying the popularity of each landmark presented a considerable challenge, as official tourism data does not provide a breakdown by specific landmarks. Therefore, we conducted extensive additional research, triangulating data from multiple sources, including local tourism boards and official websites of the landmarks, to approximate the number of visitors each landmark received.

In the era of digital media, social media presence has become an increasingly important marker of popularity and recognition. Therefore, we turned to Instagram, a platform used globally for sharing travel experiences. We counted the number of posts for each landmark, thus gauging its popularity among social media users.

Despite our rigorous methodology, we recognize that any list such as this inherently contains a degree of subjectivity. It’s challenging to devise a purely objective formula to rank landmarks, especially given their diverse nature—from architectural masterpieces to natural wonders. However, we believe that our comprehensive approach, which combines several key factors, allows us to present a balanced and diverse list of Canada’s most famous landmarks.

We hope this list encourages you to explore and appreciate the rich cultural and natural heritage that Canada has to offer. Each landmark tells a story, contributing to the larger narrative of what makes Canada the vibrant and diverse country it is today.

1. Niagara Falls: A Jaw-Dropping Natural Wonder

Top view of Niagara Falls
Top view of Niagara Falls

Imagine that you are standing on the edge of a massive waterfall. The mist of water hits your face and the sound of crashing waves fills your ears. This is what it’s like to see Niagara Falls, Canada’s most iconic landmark. The sheer force of this sight makes you feel small and awestruck. As the famous artist John James Audubon once said: “I arrived at the Falls of Niagara and was stunned by what I saw. Even now, I shiver with fear and wonder at the Creator’s power; and I stared without moving at this new example of the unstoppable force of one of His elements.”

Niagara Falls, straddling the border between Canada and the United States, consists of three waterfalls. The most captivating of them all is Horseshoe Falls, resting solely on the Canadian side. It is 51 meters (167 feet) tall and 820 meters (2,700 feet) wide. That’s about the same as nine football fields laid end to end. The amount of water that flows over Horseshoe Falls every second is enough to fill an Olympic-sized swimming pool in less than a second. It’s hard to imagine a more powerful and beautiful waterfall.

Niagara Falls is not just a static spectacle. It’s also a dynamic and evolving landscape that changes every year. The falls were formed about 12,000 years ago, when the glaciers that covered North America melted and created the Great Lakes. The water from these lakes carved out the Niagara River and started to erode the soft rock layers underneath. This erosion process created the falls we see today.

But the story doesn’t end there. Erosion continues to shape and transform Niagara Falls every year. The water that flows over the falls wears away the rock at the edge, causing the falls to move upstream. Horseshoe Falls retreats by about a meter (3 feet) per year. This means that Niagara Falls looks different every time you visit it. It’s a reminder that our planet is constantly changing and that nothing stays the same forever.

Front view of Niagara Falls

Visiting Niagara Falls

To fully appreciate Niagara Falls, consider exploring it from various angles and perspectives. Each experience offers unforgettable memories and insights into the essence of this natural wonder.

Begin with a Journey Behind the Falls, an excursion that allows you to stand within the very heart of the waterfall. As you descend through the bedrock tunnels, prepare to feel the thunderous vibrations and witness the sheer force of the cascading waters up close.

Then hop on a Niagara City Cruise and sail to the base of the falls. You’ll get a breathtaking view of the surging water and hear its thunderous sound.

Finally, elevate your perspective with a visit to the Skylon Tower. Standing 236 meters (775 feet) above the Niagara River, the observation deck offers a stunning panorama of the falls and their surroundings.

Close view of Niagara Falls

Interesting fact

Niagara Falls is known as the “Honeymoon Capital of the World.” This tradition began in 1801 when the first honeymooners, Theodosia, the daughter of future U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr, and her husband Joseph, traveled from Albany, NY to the falls. Accompanied by several servants and nine pack horses, they set the stage for thousands of couples who would choose Niagara Falls as their romantic getaway destination in the coming years.

2. CN Tower: The Iconic Symbol of Toronto’s Skyline

Aerial view of Toronto and CN Tower

If you have ever seen a picture of the Toronto skyline, which is among the most photographed in the world, you have likely noticed the CN Tower. It’s the most prominent feature of the cityscape, rising 553 meters (1,815 feet) above the ground. It’s also the best known man-made landmark in Canada and a symbol of engineering and architectural excellence.

The CN Tower was built in 1976 to improve the communication quality in Toronto, which was growing rapidly and needed a better way to transmit radio and television signals. For over 30 years, it was the tallest freestanding structure in the world, until it was surpassed by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai in 2007. However, it still holds the record for the tallest tower and the highest observation platform in the Western Hemisphere. It also offers the world’s highest external walk on a building, called the EdgeWalk, which lets you walk around the edge of the tower at 356 meters (1,168 feet) above the ground.

The CN Tower is more than a solution; it’s an inspiration. Demonstrating how innovation shapes our world and pushes boundaries, its design and structure result from creative problem-solving and technical expertise. Engineered with a concrete and steel framework, the tower withstands high winds and heavy loads. Averaging 75 lightning strikes per year, the CN Tower endures thanks to a network of exterior copper strips that guide electrical discharge safely to the ground.

CN Tower

Experiencing the CN Tower: Sky-High Adventures and Dining

A visit to the CN Tower offers a variety of memorable experiences, appealing to everyone from urban explorers to adrenaline seekers.

If exceptional views of Toronto are what you desire, the SkyPod is the place for you. As the highest observation platform in the Western Hemisphere, it provides impressive views of the city that are sure to leave a lasting impression.

For a bit of excitement, step onto the tower’s glass floor, where you can look directly down at the busy streets below from a height of 340 meters (1,115 feet). If you’re still in search of an adrenaline rush, try the ultimate challenge: the EdgeWalk. Positioned 356 meters (1,168 feet) above the ground, participants walk along the edge of the tower’s main pod, securely harnessed to a safety rail, for an exhilarating experience.

Complete your visit with a meal at 360 The Restaurant. The place not only offers delicious food but also ever-changing city views as it gently rotates.

Toronto city skyline with CN Tower
Toronto city skyline with CN Tower

Interesting fact

The CN Tower’s 360 Restaurant holds the Guinness World Record for the world’s highest wine cellar at 351 meters (1,151 ft.) above ground. Designed to resemble a traditional underground wine storage space, it features redwood racks, double cherry doors, and a tasting table. The cellar is home to a remarkable collection of over 9,000 bottles, including more than 500 international and Canadian wines. To maintain the ideal storage conditions of 13 degrees Celsius (55 degrees Fahrenheit) and 65 percent relative humidity, an innovative, 2.5-ton cooling system has been installed.

3. Lake Louise: A Jewel in the Heart of Banff National Park

Aerial view of Lake Louise

Famous for its wildlife, diverse fauna, and stunning mountain scenery, Banff National Park ranks as one of Canada’s most popular outdoor destinations. At its heart lies Lake Louise, a beautiful lake characterized by its vibrant blue color. Initially named Ho-run-num-nay (Lake of the Little Fishes) by the indigenous Nakoda people, the lake was later renamed in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, Queen Victoria’s fourth daughter.

The vibrant blue color of the lake’s waters is due to fine rock particles, called rock flour, which flow into the lake from melting glaciers. These particles reflect sunlight, resulting in a mesmerizing turquoise hue. Additionally, the surrounding peaks, such as Mount Victoria and Fairview Mountain, frame the lake and create an unforgettable panorama, making it one of the most photographed lakes in Canada.

One of the major attractions of Lake Louise is the iconic Fairmont Chateau Lake Louise, a luxury hotel that complements the surrounding natural beauty. With a rich history and elegant accommodations, the Fairmont Chateau provides an ideal starting point for exploring the incredible scenery and outdoor activities that Lake Louise and Banff National Park have to offer.

Lake Louise in Banff National Park

Exploring Lake Louise: Activities for Every Season

Regardless of the season, Lake Louise presents a variety of activities and experiences for visitors to dive into the area’s captivating natural beauty.

Hiking is the most popular way to appreciate the stunning surroundings of Lake Louise. With a range of trails suitable for various skill levels, hikers have plenty of opportunities to discover incredible sceneries. Not to be missed are the historic tea houses, where you can savor a warm cup of tea and a snack while admiring the breathtaking views.

Canoeing on Lake Louise’s tranquil, turquoise waters is another cherished activity, offering an intimate connection with the lake’s beauty. Paddling across the water, with the towering peaks mirrored on the surface, is a peaceful and unforgettable experience.

In the winter months, Lake Louise transforms into a snowy wonderland. The frozen lake becomes a haven for ice skating enthusiasts, who glide across the icy surface against the backdrop of snow-covered mountains. Additionally, the Lake Louise Ice Magic Winter Festival is a seasonal highlight. This annual event features ice carving competitions, winter sports, and activities that celebrate the charm of a Canadian winter in the heart of the Rockies.

Lake Louise and Victoria glacier with the Fairmont Chateau
Lake Louise and Victoria glacier with the Fairmont Chateau

Interesting fact

Lake Louise is home to a significant grizzly bear population, which is essential to the region’s ecosystem. In the summer The Lake Louise Ski Resort operates the Gondola, providing visitors with a safe way to observe grizzly bears in their natural habitat.

4. Notre-Dame Basilica: Montreal’s Architectural and Historical Masterpiece

Altar of Notre-Dame Basilica of Montreal
Altar of Notre-Dame Basilica of Montreal

Located in Montreal, Notre-Dame Basilica attracts roughly 10 million visitors annually, making it one of North America’s most visited monuments. This iconic Canadian landmark mesmerizes both locals and tourists with its rich history and remarkable architecture.

Construction of the basilica began in 1824 and was completed in 1829, under the guidance of designer James O’Donnell. In 1982, Pope John Paul II elevated it to a minor basilica, and in 1989, it was designated a National Historic Site of Canada. Throughout its history, Notre-Dame Basilica has hosted many significant events, including the 1849 funeral of statesman Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, the 2000 state funeral of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau and the 1994 wedding of singer Céline Dion.

The Gothic Revival architecture of the basilica, complete with intricate detailing and ornate carvings, creates a breathtaking experience for visitors. Stepping inside, guests are captivated by the stunningly colorful interior, featuring detailed wood carvings, statues, and beautiful stained-glass windows that further enhance the basilica’s grandeur and leave a lasting impression on all who visit.

Notre-Dame Basilica in Montreal at night
Notre-Dame Basilica in Montreal at night

Exploring Notre-Dame Basilica

Notre-Dame Basilica offers various ways for visitors to experience its grandeur and delve into its rich history, from self-guided tours to light shows.

The Sightseeing Visit is a popular choice for those who prefer exploring the basilica at their own pace. This self-guided tour lets visitors wander through the sacred space, admiring the intricate details, statues, and stained-glass windows while learning about the church’s history from informative panels.

For a more immersive experience, consider attending the AURA Experience. This sound and light show, projected onto the basilica’s walls and ceiling, brings the architecture to life and transforms the space into a visual and auditory spectacle.

Music enthusiasts can also attend concerts at the basilica, often featuring The Great Casavant Organs. These impressive instruments, with over 7,000 individual pipes, create a unique soundscape that resonates throughout the basilica, providing visitors with an unforgettable auditory experience in a remarkable setting.

Interior of Notre-Dame Basilica of Montreal
Interior of Notre-Dame Basilica of Montreal

Interesting fact

James O’Donnell, the Irish-American architect who designed Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica, went through a significant change during its construction. Originally an Anglican, O’Donnell converted to Catholicism, leading to his burial in the church’s crypt. He is the only person buried within the basilica.

5. Hopewell Rocks: The Bay of Fundy’s Sculpted Wonders

Hopewell Rocks

Hopewell Rocks is a stunning natural landmark on the Bay of Fundy’s shores in New Brunswick. These peculiar rock formations are a result of thousands of years of erosion and the relentless tidal forces of the bay.

The geological history of this area dates back to the Carboniferous Period, around 320 million years ago, when layers of sandstone, conglomerate, and mudstone were deposited. Over time, the ceaseless power of nature sculpted these layers into the magnificent formations we see today. The towering sandstone rocks, some reaching up to 21 meters (70 feet) in height, have earned the nickname “flowerpot rocks” due to the trees and vegetation flourishing on their summits.

Besides the unique Hopewell Rocks, the Bay of Fundy is also known for its impressive tidal activity. With the world’s highest tidal ranges, the water levels can reach up to 16 meters (52 feet). These tides have not only shaped the Hopewell Rocks but also contributed to the rich marine ecosystem in the region. Twice a day, the water level rises and falls dramatically, revealing a dynamic intertidal zone that supports diverse plant and animal life.

Aerial view of of Hopewell Rocks

Experiencing the Magic of Hopewell Rocks

To fully experience Hopewell Rocks, plan your trip to coincide with both high and low tides to witness the striking contrast between the two states.

During low tide, the ocean recedes, exposing the ocean floor and enabling visitors to walk right up to the base of the towering rock formations. This is an ideal opportunity to explore the area on foot, take captivating photos, and even touch the rocks shaped by centuries of tidal activity.

As the tide rises, the landscape transforms, and the rocks become partially submerged, presenting a completely different scene. At high tide, kayaking around Hopewell Rocks offers a new perspective, allowing you to admire the sculpted formations from the water. Navigating through the maze of towering rocks is an unforgettable adventure not to be missed.

The tides at Hopewell Rocks change on average every 6 hours and 13 minutes, resulting in two high tides and two low tides each day. However, the timing shifts by approximately 50 minutes daily, so it’s important to check tide tables before planning your visit.

Flowerpot rock formations on Hopewell Rocks
Flowerpot rock formations on Hopewell Rocks

Interesting fact:

The Hopewell Rocks not only showcase a natural wonder, but also represent a cultural and historical landmark that embodies the heritage of New Brunswick and Canada. For thousands of years, the Mi’kmaq people have inhabited the area and developed their own legends and beliefs surrounding the distinct rock formations and the Bay of Fundy’s dramatic tides. In Mi’kmaq lore, the powerful tides are attributed to a colossal whale splashing its tail, while the extraordinary rock formations are said to be unfortunate Mi’kmaq individuals transformed into stone by vengeful great whales that once dwelled in the bay.

6. Fairmont Le Chateau Frontenac: A Historic Landmark in Quebec City

Aerial view of historic district of Old Quebec with Chateau Frontenac
Aerial view of historic district of Old Quebec with Chateau Frontenac

Overlooking the St. Lawrence River, the impressive Fairmont Le Chateau Frontenac stands tall in Quebec City’s skyline. This grand hotel, built in 1893, has become more than just a place to stay; it is an iconic symbol of Quebec City itself.

The Chateau Frontenac is known as one of the most photographed hotels in the world, thanks to its eye-catching architecture. Drawing from medieval castle designs, the hotel blends Châteauesque and Victorian styles. Its notable central tower, steep roofs, and detailed dormers contribute to the hotel’s unique character, making it an essential part of Old Quebec.

The hotel has more than just stunning architecture; it also has a rich history. During World War II, the Chateau Frontenac was the site of the Quebec Conferences. World leaders like Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Lyon Mackenzie King met here to plan and shape the war’s direction.

Over the years, the hotel has received many awards, showcasing its continued charm and excellent service. Among these is the respected 2022 Global Hotel of the Year Award from the World Luxury Awards. Today, the Chateau Frontenac welcomes guests from around the world, giving them a chance to experience Canadian history while enjoying top-notch luxury and hospitality.

Chateau Frontenac in the evening

Experiencing the Fairmont Le Chateau Frontenac

There are many ways to experience the Fairmont Le Chateau Frontenac, each providing a different perspective on this historic hotel. For a truly immersive experience, consider staying in one of the 610 elegant guestrooms, where luxury and history come together.

Dining at the hotel offers another way to appreciate its charm. Sample the culinary delights at the Champlain Restaurant, enjoy a classic afternoon tea at Place Dufferin, or relax with a cocktail at the 1608 Bar. Each venue features a distinctive atmosphere that enhances the hotel’s captivating spirit.

History enthusiasts will love the guided tour option, which dives into the fascinating stories behind this iconic building. During the 1-hour tour, a local guide—portraying a historical character—will lead you through the hotel’s storied halls, sharing tales of the notable figures who have visited over the years.

For those seeking to capture a photo or simply admire the Chateau Frontenac from a distance, several excellent vantage points are available. Visit Pierre-Dugua-de Mons Terrace, Place des Canotiers, or Terrasse du Chevalier-de-Lévis for some of the best views.

Quebec city panorama with Chateau Frontenac
Quebec city panorama with Chateau Frontenac

Interesting fact

The Fairmont Le Château Frontenac has a suite named after Céline Dion. This Canadian singer got her big break at the hotel in 1990. The suite is part of a series of eight suites, each named after a famous personality. They were introduced in 2018 to celebrate the hotel’s 125th anniversary. The Céline Dion Suite displays memorabilia, photos, and artwork about the singer for guests to enjoy.

7. Parliament Hill: The Heart of Canadian Democracy

Ottawa Parliament Hill with Centennial Flame
Ottawa Parliament Hill with Centennial Flame

Located in the capital city of Ottawa, Parliament Hill stands not only as one of Canada’s most iconic landmarks but also as the political epicenter of the country. This is where the Parliament of Canada convenes, with the House of Commons and the Senate coming together to discuss and pass laws that shape the country’s future.

The Parliament Hill complex consists of three main buildings: the Centre Block, the East Block, and the West Block. Each building plays a critical role in Canada’s governance, offering spaces for offices, administration, and various committees and events.

Among the trio, the Centre Block is the most eye-catching. It houses both the Senate and House of Commons chambers, as well as the offices of various parliamentary officials. Rising above the Centre Block at an impressive 92.2 meters (302 feet), the Peace Tower is a dominant feature on Parliament Hill and one of Canada’s most recognized symbols. The tower houses the Memorial Chamber, honoring Canadians who have lost their lives in military service, and offers an observation deck with breathtaking views of Ottawa and its surroundings.

Right at the base of the Peace Tower lies the Centennial Flame, a beloved monument that has become an enduring symbol of Canada’s unity and history. It was first lit by Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson on December 31, 1966, to kick off the country’s centennial celebrations. The flame was initially intended to be temporary; however, its immense popularity led to it becoming a permanent feature on Parliament Hill.

Parliament Hill and the Ottawa River
Parliament Hill and the Ottawa River

Experiencing Parliament Hill: From Guided Tours to Canada Day Celebrations

Parliament Hill provides a variety of engaging and informative activities for guests, immersing them in the heritage, culture, and inner workings of Canadian democracy.

One of the best ways to explore the landmark is by taking a guided tour. Knowledgeable guides provide insight into the architecture, history, and functions of the various buildings, making your visit both educational and entertaining.

For those interested in politics and governance, attending a Parliamentary Session is a must. Witness the House of Commons and the Senate in action as they debate legislation and make decisions that shape the country’s future. Be sure to check the parliamentary calendar for session dates and times.

During the summer months, don’t miss the Sound and Light Show on Parliament Hill. This free spectacle uses state-of-the-art technology to tell the story of Canada’s history through stunning projections and captivating sound effects.

Another interesting event is the Changing of the Guard ceremony. After being canceled from 2020 to 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this iconic tradition returned in 2023. The ceremony showcases the precision and discipline of the Canadian Armed Forces, with soldiers in striking red uniforms and bearskin hats performing an elaborate ritual.

Lastly, partake in the lively Canada Day celebrations on Parliament Hill, the official location for this national event for over 50 years. Each July 1st, Canadians from all backgrounds gather to enjoy live music, entertainment, and fireworks, celebrating their nation’s birthday.

The Center Block and the Peace Tower in Parliament Hill
The Center Block and the Peace Tower in Parliament Hill

Interesting fact:

Ottawa, unlike many other large Canadian cities, has a relatively small number of skyscrapers exceeding 100 meters (330 feet) in height. This isn’t a mere coincidence: until 1965, there was a height limit of 45.5 meters (149 feet) for buildings in Ottawa. This rule was made to keep the Peace Tower, which is 92 meters (302 feet) tall, as the most noticeable part of the city’s skyline. This policy highlights the significance of the Peace Tower as an emblem of Canada’s political and cultural identity.

8. Moraine Lake: The Lake with the Twenty Dollar View

Moraine Lake

Situated in Banff National Park, Moraine Lake is a beautiful glacial lake just 14 km (8.7 miles) from Lake Louise, another notable site on our list. Though just half the size of its neighboring lake, many people find Moraine Lake even more beautiful. Its extraordinary landscape earned Moraine Lake a spot on the reverse side of the Canadian twenty-dollar bill in 1969 and 1979, leading to its nickname as “the lake with the twenty-dollar view.”

Moraine Lake’s most striking feature is its vivid turquoise color, which is even more intense and deeper than Lake Louise’s. The color is at its peak during the glacier melt in late June and early July. The lake is surrounded by the impressive Valley of the Ten Peaks, a range with ten peaks over 3,000 meters (9,800 feet) high, creating a beautiful view for visitors.

As one of the most photographed locations in Canada and perhaps even the world, Moraine Lake has captured many hearts with its natural beauty. Its image has been seen on numerous magazine covers and various device backgrounds, such as Android and Windows 7 screens.

Canoes on Moraine lake

Experiencing Moraine Lake: A Haven for Hikers and Photographers

Moraine Lake’s breathtaking beauty has made it a top photography spot in Banff National Park. There are several popular trails at Moraine Lake that offer unique views of the iconic landscape, ideal for both photographers and hikers.

The Rockpile Trail takes you to the Rockpile, a famous viewpoint that offers a panoramic view of the lake and the Ten Peaks. For a closer look at the lake’s shoreline, the Lakeshore Trail is perfect for leisurely strolls along the water. If you’re seeking a more secluded and peaceful experience, the Consolation Lakes Trail takes you away from the crowds and into the heart of nature.

If you’re up for a different way to experience Moraine Lake, consider renting a canoe and paddling on the turquoise waters. Don’t miss the photo opportunity at the Canoe Dock area, where you can capture the lake’s beauty with the vibrant, colorful canoes in the foreground.

Cristal clear waters of Moraine Lake

Interesting fact

Moraine Lake was named by Walter Wilcox, a Yale college student and explorer, who discovered the lake in 1899. He named it after the moraine, or rock pile, deposited by the Wenkchemna Glacier. The name Moraine Lake has been used since then.

9. Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse: A Timeless Symbol of Nova Scotia’s Coastline

Peggys Cove Lighthouse

Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse, officially known as Peggy’s Point Lighthouse, is a historic and iconic lighthouse located in Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia. Situated on the rugged shores of the Atlantic Ocean, the lighthouse stands as a sentinel overlooking the waves and rocks of the picturesque coastline.

With a history that spans thousands of years, Nova Scotia boasts a rich and diverse past. Long before the arrival of European settlers, the indigenous Mi’kmaq people called the region home. Over time, a mix of cultural influences – such as Acadian, African Nova Scotian, and others – have shaped the province into the vibrant and diverse place it is today.

Over 160 historic lighthouses dot Nova Scotia’s coastlines, guiding sailors for centuries. The most famous among them is Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse. This iconic lighthouse, which replaced an older wooden structure in 1915, features a classic Canadian design with its red and white octagonal shape.

As one of the most photographed landmarks in Atlantic Canada Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse’s popularity stems from its stunning location and architectural charm. Drawing photographers and tourists alike, it serves as a symbol of Nova Scotia’s maritime legacy and the resilience of the people who have resided here.

Peggys Cove Lighthouse during sunset

Experiencing Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse

A visit to Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse allows you to connect with the raw power of the Atlantic Ocean. As you stand on the surrounding rocks and watch the waves crash against the shore, you’ll be captivated by the sheer power and beauty of the ocean. But remember to exercise caution. Maintain a safe distance from the water, as rogue waves can be unpredictable and dangerous.

Photographers will see Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse as a dream destination. The magnificent backdrop offers countless opportunities for artistic experimentation. Play with various angles, compositions, and times of day to capture that perfect image.

To get the most out of your visit to Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse, consider staying in the village or nearby accommodations. Witnessing the sunset and sunrise over the lighthouse is a genuinely unforgettable experience.

Peggys Cove Lighthouse, Nova Scotia

Interesting fact

Several legends surround the name “Peggy’s Cove.” The most popular one is about a shipwreck survivor named Margaret. According to the legend, Margaret was the only survivor of a shipwreck near the cove in the 1800s. After swimming to shore and recovering, Margaret became a valued member of the community. People started calling the cove “Peggy’s Cove,” as “Peggy” is a common nickname for Margaret. The name caught on, and eventually, the cove and its scenic lighthouse became known by this endearing title.

10. Confederation Bridge: Engineering Marvel That Connects Two Provinces

Aerial view of Confederation Bridge

Stretching 8 miles (12.9 km), the Confederation Bridge is an engineering marvel that links Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick, two of Canada’s provinces. It is the longest bridge in Canada and the longest bridge over ice-covered water in the world.

Work on the structure began in 1993 and reached completion in 1997. With a price tag of C$1.3 billion, the project employed over 2,000 workers and involved approximately 6,000 people during its construction phase. One of the main reasons for building the Confederation Bridge was to provide a reliable and efficient year-round transportation link between the two provinces. Before the bridge was built, people and goods had to rely on ferry service. This service was unreliable and often affected by weather conditions.

Built to stand up to the region’s tough climate, the Confederation Bridge’s architecture combines functionality and innovation

The architecture of the Confederation Bridge showcases a blend of functionality and innovation, specifically designed to withstand the area’s harsh climate. With an impressive curved design, the bridge employs a sophisticated post-tensioning system to enhance its stability. The construction process was streamlined through the use of precast concrete sections that were manufactured off-site and then assembled on-site. This approach minimized the project’s environmental impact while maximizing efficiency. In addition, the bridge incorporates high-quality materials like advanced concrete mixes and corrosion-resistant steel reinforcements, to ensure long-lasting resilience against harsh marine conditions.

The bridge has received numerous awards and recognition for its outstanding design and construction. In 2009, the International Right of Way Association named it one of the top 10 infrastructure projects in North America over the past 75 years. The International Bridge Conference also awarded the Confederation Bridge the prestigious George S. Richardson Medal in 1999.

Confederation Bridge - the longest bridge in Canada

Experience the Confederation Bridge

Driving across the Confederation Bridge is an adventure in itself. The 10-minute trip offers panoramic views of the Northumberland Strait and the scenic coastlines of Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick

For pedestrians and cyclists, the shuttle service provides a convenient way to cross the bridge. Once on the other side, you can immerse yourself in the local attractions waiting to be explored.

Make sure to take advantage of the viewpoints at either end of the bridge. Both the Cape Jourimain Nature Center and the Marine Rail Park offer sweeping views of the bridge and the surrounding landscape.

Interesting fact

The creation of the Confederation Bridge wasn’t decided by a few, but by many. In 1988, a referendum was held to ask the people of Prince Edward Island about linking their home to mainland Canada. As it happened, 59.4% voted yes. This majority vote set the wheels in motion for this magnificent engineering achievement.

Confederation Bridge to Prince Edward Island
Confederation Bridge to Prince Edward Island